Zoysia Grass Vs Bermuda – Zoysia grass (Zoysia japonica) and Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) are warm-season turf grasses that flourish in temperatures ranging from 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. During their winter dormant periods, they become brown. Zoysia grass grows in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 10, whereas Bermuda grass grows in USDA plant hardiness zones 7 through 10. Zoysia grass is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 10.
However, the fact that Bermuda grass grows more quickly than zoysia grass might be detrimental if the Bermuda grass spreads and becomes invasive.
Zephyrgrass (Zoysia et al.) and centipedegrass (Eremchloa ophiuroides) are warm-season turf grasses with a medium texture that are well suited for usage in lawns in Southern climes. Despite the fact that both grasses are somewhat resistant to heat and drought, centipedegrass is more susceptible to pest and disease issues than zoysiagrass.
The Difference of Zoysia Grass Vs Bermuda Grass
Appearance and growth habits
While both zoysiagrass and centipedegrass are sluggish growers — with zoysiagrass being somewhat more so — both grasses might take many years to build a well-established lawn. After they have established themselves, however, both grasses give a thick, green carpet.
Depending on the cultivar, the color of zoysiagrass may vary significantly; centipedegrass, on the other hand, is often a lighter green than zoysiagrass or other turf grasses. Zoysiagrass and centipedegrass are only green during the warm season, and they become dormant and turn brown or straw-colored in the winter; centipedegrass will also turn brown if it doesn’t get enough water during the growing season.
Zoysia Grass (Zoysia spp.)
The texture of zoysia grass is fine to medium, and the color is a dark green. The 1/10-inch-wide leaf blades, which are stronger than Bermuda grass blades and emerge at right angles to the leaf stalks, have short hairs and are 1/10-inch broad. The seeds are formed on the opposing sides of a spike, on each side of the spike. Zoysia grass grows slowly through above-ground stolons and subterranean rhizomes, and it may take two to four years to establish from plugs or sod if planted in a new location. Growing into a thick, homogeneous grass that can withstand high traffic, it is an excellent choice.
This grayish green, medium- to coarse-textured grass can withstand high traffic and is often seen in lawns and parks. It contains leaf blades that are 1/4 inch broad and hairless, as well as flower spikes that are branching. The common Bermuda grass may be established through sod, plugs, stolons, or seed, and it spreads fast along stolons and rhizomes after establishing itself.
Hybrid Bermuda grass (Cynodon spp. ), which is likewise tolerant of traffic, with leaf blades as small as 1/16 inch and makes a denser lawn than normal Bermuda grass. It is also more drought tolerant than common Bermuda grass. “Tifgreen” is a fine-textured, blue green cultivar, and “Tifway II,” a medium-textured, dark green cultivar, are among the others. Except for “Savannah” and a few other cultivars, most hybrids do not produce seed and must be propagated via sod or stolons in order to establish themselves.
Zoysia Grass vs Bermuda: A Battle of Cultures
Bermuda grass needs direct sunlight, but zoysia grass may be grown in either direct sunlight or moderate shade. These two grasses enjoy soil pH levels of between 5.5 and 7.0, and they need 1 inch of water per week throughout the spring and summer months. According to the North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension, zoysia grass needs 1/2 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet of lawn per month beginning three weeks after the lawn becomes green and twice more in the mid- to late summer months.
In the spring and summer, Bermuda grass requires 1/2 to 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet every four to six weeks, depending on the season. Bermuda grass should be cut to 3/4 inch to 1 inch height, while zoysia grass should be cut to 1/2 inch high using a reel mower, but be careful not to scalp the lawn.
Zoysia Grass vs Bermuda: Grass Pests and Disease
Both Bermuda grass and zoysia grass are subject to parasites such as tiny nematodes, which may cause thinning, stunting, and yellow spots on the grasses they infest. To effectively manage nematodes, remove dirt from your lawn equipment and avoid introducing soil from an affected area onto your lawn.
These two grasses are prone to diseases such as rust (which results in weak, rust-colored patches in nitrogen-poor lawns), as well as spring dead spot (which forms 12-inch circular dead regions in lawns when temperatures fall below 65 degrees Fahrenheit). Both grasses benefit from proper fertilization and other suitable cultural techniques, which assist to keep pests and diseases at bay.
Controling Invasive Growth of Bermuda Grass
Bermuda grass, in contrast to the slow-growing zoysia, has the potential to become an invasive weed. The use of black plastic mulch and shade trees may assist to reduce the amount of sunlight reaching Bermuda grass and keep it under control. If you want to solarize and destroy the grass and seeds of Bermuda grass in the summer, cover the grass with transparent plastic mulch and leave it in place all day.
You may use glyphosate herbicide on Bermuda grass that is aggressively growing, but you should avoid spraying the herbicide on your garden plants. On a quiet day, combine 2/3 ounce of glyphosate with a gallon of water and spray the grass with the mixture. Wear protective gear, and keep other people and dogs away from the sprayed grass until it has dried.