Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma Care – Rhaphidophora tetrasperma is a plant that is simple to cultivate, looks like a houseplant, can reach heights of 16 feet while requiring very little floor area, is simple to reproduce, and may be expensive to purchase.
One of the most abundant genera of aroids found in tropical Asia is called Rhaphidophora. The R. tetrasperma species, on the other hand, is the least common naturally occurring aroid and can only be found in a few locations on the Malaysian Peninsula and in Southern Thailand. On the other hand, if you keep it indoors, it won’t be difficult to develop.
Because R. tetrasperma is so simple to cultivate, it has the potential to become an invasive species in a greenhouse. An R. tetrasperma plant with just nine leaves that had artificially variegated colorations sold for USD19,000 online in the year 2021. It is astonishing what a little bit of social media popularity can do for demand and price.
What Specific Requirements does Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma have?
Misidentifying the plant as either a monstera or a philodendron, despite the fact that it is neither of those things, is one of the key reasons why people are unable to effectively cultivate a mini monstera. The mini monstera has very particular soil requirements. More on this will be covered in a subsequent post, but first we need to sort out the plant’s family tree and figure out why it flourishes in the natural environment where it does.
The History of Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma and Its Classification
On the website of the International Aroid Society, it is said that Rhaphidophora tetrasperma is very uncommon in its natural habitat and can only be found in a few locations throughout the Malaysian Peninsula and in Southern Thailand. Very little has been written about this species, either by scientists or by people in the general public.
The plant in question is a liana that can reach a height of 16 feet and is found in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. In its native environment, the plant prefers to climb and very sometimes develops as a species that may be found on the ground. The micromonera attaches itself to its host via a limited number of clasping roots that originate from the nodes and internodes of the host plant.
The shapes of the leaves may range from lanceolate to ovate, depending on how the plant is grown (spear-shaped). The length of the leaves ranges from 4 to 13 inches, and they do not have a heavy coriaceous (leathery) appearance. Because it is a heterophyllous species, which means that a single plant may have several distinct kinds of leaves, you should anticipate that the leaves will vary.
Finding a Monstera Minima by Its Name
It is uncommon for the form of the leaf to be the deciding element in the identification of a species, particularly in the case of aroids. Because there are so many different leaf shapes within a single aroid species, the shape of the leaf can’t be used to tell most monstera apart.
If you look closely at the stem (petiole) that supports the leaf on an R. Tetrasperma plant, you’ll see that it has a shallow groove. Seed traits are usually the only means for a botanist to determine which genus any given species legitimately belongs to within the Monstereae tribe, which is comprised of the genera that make up the family Monstereae.
Rhaphidophora is characterized by the production of a modest inflorescence that has a spathe that is “canoe-shaped” and measures 3.4 centimeters. The spathe disengages itself from the spadix in a hurry. The fruit of Rhaphidophora species grows on the spadix and is made up of many tiny seeds in the shape of an ellipsoid.
Finally, as was said earlier, the leaves of R. tetrasperma have a more refined texture (less coriaceous) than those of Monstera deliciosa, Philodendron, or split-leaf Philodendron. This is because R. tetrasperma is a species of R. tetrasperma (Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum).
Consider purchasing the knowledgeable book “Aroids: Plants of the Arum Family,” written by Deni Brown, if cultivating various aroid plants is something that interests you.
Growing Rhaphidophora Tertrasperma (Rhaphida)
I find it fascinating that people are willing to pay such high rates for these plants, especially considering how easily they can be grown (even in winter).
This is especially true when the plant is positioned in strong indirect light, planted in soil with adequate drainage, the humidity is kept at or above 40%, and the temperature is kept at or above 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Vining stems, with the right amount of support, are capable of growing to a height of 12 feet, but the plant does just as well when it is clipped to keep it compact.
The majority of novice tiny monstera gardeners make the error of comparing the requirements of their new plant to those of Monstera Deliciosa or Philodendron, which is one of the most prevalent and common blunders. The ideal soil for your RT would have a pH level of 7.0, be well-aerated and uncompacted, have good drainage, and be rich in organic matter. Those of you who have grown orchids before may recognize some of the characteristics described below.
A combination of the following components, like orchids, is the perfect combination:
- Pebbles made of charcoal-colored clay (Leca or Seramis)
- Compost Made From Coconut Coir And Fir Bark
- Lava Rocks
- Toadstool moss
- Sphagnum Moss Tree Fern Perlite
To put it simply, you want a medium that provides enough root stability, good control of moisture, and adequate ventilation. In contrast to orchids, you do not want the soil in your Tetrasperma to hold an excessive amount of water since this can cause the roots to rot. To do this, you will need to use coconut coir in place of peat moss or sphagnum moss.
A more aerated and less compacted soil is the result of adding perlite. By increasing the variety of microbes that live on and in the plant, compost may help a plant become more resistant to parasites and illnesses. Fir The bark breaks down quite quickly, which is another advantage for the plant. Because pine bark takes nitrogen out of the soil, I don’t think it’s a good idea to use it.
You will discover that the plant multiplies so quickly that it has to be repotted every year. This gives you the chance to change your potting mix so that the small monstera plant can grow well in the soil you made just for it.
As a starting point, I would mix together horticultural charcoal, coconut coir, perlite, and cured compost in proportions that are equivalent to one another. You shouldn’t filter the compost since it will make it too fine. If you have any leaf mold, you should use it instead since it will conserve water more effectively.
To get started with Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma care, you should choose a pot that is 4 inches wide and has holes in the base that are free of obstructions. Finding plastic pots that are transparent can help you better regulate the water levels, which may otherwise be a game of guesswork, but more on this topic will be discussed later.
If you are trying to reproduce a shoot, the transparency will make it much simpler to track its development without disrupting the roots that are just starting to emerge.
Although I will compare the soil that your RT requires to the dirt that orchids enjoy, that will be the extent of my comparison. The Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma is a tenacious adversary that is ready to expand and triumph over whatever challenges it faces. Let’s find out what else is necessary for its growth.
Adjusting the Placement of your Little Monstera
Arrangement for the Purpose of Lighting
Because the Monstera and Philodendron discussed previously have thicker leaves than those of the RT, which have much thinner foliage, the RT needs less light. Also, the leaves don’t have the waxy cuticles that would keep them from turning green when exposed to direct sunlight.
It is best to provide your R. tetrasperma with a large amount of indirect sunlight, and you should avoid placing it in areas with a lot of shade. This plant enjoys light, but not direct sunlight.
Because the leaves are so delicate, exposure to direct sunshine will cause them to dry up more quickly than the surrounding air can rehydrate them. The leaf tissue of plants with chlorotic foliage turns a noticeable yellow. This is caused by a lack of chlorophyll, which is caused by a lack of water.
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma should be placed in an area of the home that receives either moderate light or brilliant light that has been diffused. In the northern hemisphere, this area should be on the western side of the house. My experience has shown that positioning it in the south-west window is not optimal for its needs. The leaves cannot separate without the presence of light.
Taking into Account the Warmth and Moisture
Tetrasperma was found to have originated in rain forests that had temperatures ranging from 55 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit, which is the optimal temperature range for growth. It is characteristic of plants belonging to the Arum family, which is also known as the aroid family.
If you see that your plant is beginning to wilt, you should increase the number of times that it is watered rather than the amount of water that it receives. All of these aspects play a part in the plant’s requirements for care and watering.
Additionally important, particularly when starting a new plant from seed, is the relative humidity of the environment. The optimal relative humidity for an interior setting is 40 percent, which isn’t too far off in most cases.
If you have a humidity sensor and observe that the levels are too low, you should think about using a humidifier for your Rhaphidophora tetrasperma rather than a mister. Wet leaves have a greater propensity to spread pathogens more easily.
Rhaphidophora tetrasperma Needs Its Share of Water
Your Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma potting mix will guarantee that the environment is well-drained, allowing for ample air circulation while still retaining water. Because the roots of this plant are more susceptible to damage than the roots of some of the other ariods, you will want to make sure that it receives less water more often.
Your RT is able to tolerate a small amount of drought, but it will thrive much better if it has a root bulb that is kept consistently moist (not wet).
Reduce the amount of water the plant receives after its development has slowed, but not stopped, in order to satisfy its requirements over the winter. Before applying more water, make sure the top inch of the surface is dry to the touch. When I water my aroids, I like to use rainwater that I have gathered since it appears to help them thrive more.
The Plant Needs Relating to Nutrition
During the growth season, I apply a solution that is 20:10:10 that has been diluted once every two weeks. If the recommendation is a teaspoon per gallon, use just one-half of the suggested amount.
Because your R. tetrasperma is a plant capable of quick development, you should provide it with the nutrients it needs to achieve the growth you want. You may reduce the frequency of such feedings to once per month throughout the winter.
Rhaphidophora tetrasperma Care in terms of Pruning and Propagation
Because your RT is a vigorous grower, as I indicated previously, it is possible that it may need to have its pot replaced before it celebrates its one year birthday. It responds nicely to being trimmed in order to prevent it from becoming too big. Cut off the beneficial roots or nodes close to the surface.
Rhaphidophora tetrasperma may be readily reproduced by placing cut-off parts of the plant straight into the soil. The process of rooting will go more smoothly if some vitamin B is added to the water, although this step is often not necessary.
Use a moss totem pole or a flared frame to support the development of the plant if you want the exhibit to have greater visual impact.
There are several distinct varieties of these monstera plants.
Plants with a variegated appearance are quite uncommon. This little monster with a variety of colors is not only hard to come by but also quite pricey. An auction in New Zealand brought in an astounding figure of $19,297 for the sale of the Monstera minima, also known as a little monstera, which holds the record for the most expensive specimen of its kind ever sold.
What kind of hue do the leaves have?
The leaves of this tiny monstera plant’s variegated varieties are green with cream to dirty white streaks, speckles, and blotched leaves. Variegated forms are also known as blotched forms. The little monstera that was mentioned up above may be seen in the photo that can be seen below.
Regularly Occurring Mini-Monstera Tests
There is a possibility that thrips and spider mites may infest your RT. Simply be on the lookout for the possibility that these two unwanted guests are there.
As soon as you spot any insects on your indoor plants, wipe the leaves with a solution consisting of soapy water as quickly as possible. By putting diluted Lyson water on the leaves of your plant, you might be able to stop pests from coming.
Growing these plants does not require much effort, may be highly gratifying, and provides a very satisfactory growth rate. I have high hopes that this post will help you cultivate and multiply one of the most popular plants. If you want to be notified of similar articles and deals, enter your email address in the space provided below.