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Magnolia Tree Fertilizer – The trees are known for their large, fragrant white blooms, which are only the beginning of their allure. Besides having glossy, dark green foliage, these beautiful trees also have a big, exotic-looking pod that opens in the autumn to show brilliant orange-red berries that are enjoyed by both birds and other animals. Educating yourself on magnolia planting and maintenance is a wonderful way to get the most enjoyment out of these beautiful trees in your garden.
Mahogany trees are native to eastern North America, the Himalayas, and Southeast Asia. They are also found in Central America. They may reach heights of 40 to 80 feet and have a spread of 30 to 40 feet. Magnolias may be classified as evergreen, semi-evergreen, or deciduous, depending on the species. Some of the deciduous varieties bloom in the early spring, before the trees begin to leaf out themselves.
One of the most challenging aspects of magnolia tree maintenance is dealing with the big, crunchy leaves that fall off the tree on a regular basis. Many people cut down the lower branches of a magnolia tree to make mowing easier, but if you leave the lower limbs on the tree, they will drape to the ground, concealing the fallen leaves underneath them. It is impossible for grass to grow under the shadow of the tree and accumulation of leaves, and when the leaves decompose, the nutrients they contain are released into the environment.
The majority of magnolia trees are hardy in USDA Zones 7 through 9, although there are some varieties that can withstand winters as far north as USDA Zone 7. If you want to learn how to grow healthy magnolia trees outside of their normal growth location, it is best to purchase your trees locally so that you can ensure that the type you are buying is well suited to your region.
It is estimated that there are over 100 distinct species of magnolia trees or shrubs, as well as an even greater number of decorative cultivars. In general, these plants are not “heavy feeders,” which are plants that thrive only when provided with very rich soil and an abundant, consistent supply of nutrients. Planting magnolia trees in optimum growth circumstances will reduce the need for, and the stress associated with, fertilizing them. Magnolias thrive on a wet, well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter and does not have an alkaline pH, since this is their preferred growing environment.
The Best Way to Take Care of a Magnolia Tree
You should perform a soil test, according to Hubert Conlon of the University of Tennessee Extension Service. There are almost 20 nutrients that plants need, and knowing which ones are accessible to the magnolia tree in your yard enables you to make an impartial decision about whether or not to fertilize it. It is necessary to collect and test a tiny sample of soil by extension service offices or a private laboratory, and a results sheet is given to you that reveals all of the soil’s characteristics and nutritional constituents.
It is estimated that there are over 100 distinct species of magnolia trees or shrubs, as well as an even greater number of decorative cultivars. There are almost 20 nutrients that plants need, and knowing which ones are accessible to the magnolia tree in your yard enables you to make an impartial decision about whether or not to fertilize it.
There are many things that may happen to magnolia trees that might suggest a shortage of nutrients in the surrounding soil. One reason is a lack of blossom production in the spring, which is particularly true if the tree is getting a lot of sunlight. The color of the leaves is also significant. In the spring or summer, stunted growth and yellow leaves may suggest a deficiency in nitrogen, magnesium, iron, or another trace mineral.
The presence of many leaves, the absence of blossoms, and the presence of extremely dark green foliage may suggest an excess of nitrogen. The soil test gives the essential information to evaluate whether or not additional fertilizer is needed to address the condition in question.
No other decorative tree can compete with a magnolia when it comes to surviving in damp, soggy soil. Magnificent planting conditions for magnolias include wet, rich, slightly acidic soil that has been treated with compost or leaf mold to provide the tree with a strong start.
You’ll need to water the trees often as part of your magnolia tree maintenance in order to maintain the soil around the base of the tree wet. Keep young trees well-watered until they are well-established, which is particularly essential during the first year. Feed your flower buds with a slow-release fertilizer in the spring, when the flower buds are beginning to expand.
How to Grow a Healthy Magnolia Tree
Maintaining your lawn on a regular basis is important for developing healthy magnolia trees as well as other trees. Keep lawn mowers and string trimmers at a safe distance from trees, and always aim them away from the tree so that the debris blows away. Magnolia tree bark and wood may be readily injured by flying debris from a lawn mower or string trimmer, which can cause the tree to die. Insects and illnesses get access to the body via the wounds that occur.
Pruning is another aspect of caring for a magnolia tree that must be considered. Pruning should be kept to a bare minimum since wounds heal slowly. As quickly as feasible, prune the tree to make repairs to the harm caused by broken branches. The remainder of the pruning should be completed after the tree has flowered.
Magnolia Tree Fertilizer Comes in a Variety of Forms
Chemical fertilizers are available in two forms: slow-release granules and water-soluble liquid fertilizers (also known as synthetic fertilizers) (powder or liquid). As a result, the ideal option is to use high-quality slow-release granules, which breakdown slowly and provide nutrients to the magnolia tree’s roots during the whole growth season. In accordance with the findings of your soil study, choose a slow-release fertilizer that will compensate for any inadequacies.
Generally speaking, any all-purpose formula, such as 10-10-10 plus micronutrients, will suffice. Because magnolia trees thrive in acidic soils, it is common practice to provide an acid-forming fertilizer to them. Such products, which decrease the pH of the soil while still supplying nutrients, should be explored for usage if your soil’s pH ranges from neutral to alkaline. If the pH of your soil is already in the range of 5.0 to 6.5, using an acid-forming fertilizer isn’t necessary.
There are many things that may happen to magnolia trees that might suggest a shortage of nutrients in the surrounding soil. Such products, which decrease the pH of the soil while still supplying nutrients, should be explored for usage if your soil’s pH ranges from neutral to alkaline. If the pH of your soil is already in the range of 5.0 to 6.5, using an acid-forming fertilizer isn’t necessary.
When is the best time to Apply Magnolia Tree Fertilizer?
According to the University of Tennessee Extension, the optimum period to feed magnolia trees using synthetic slow-release fertilizers is from late autumn (after leaf drop) through early spring. According to John Marlar of the Mr. Grow website, fertilization should be done in the early spring.
In certain cases, depending on the quality of your soil and the dose instructions on the fertilizer product label, you may need to fertilize twice a year: once in the early spring and again in the autumn, after the first fall frosts have happened and the tree has stopped growing.
When you keep an organic mulch over the root zone of your magnolia trees, you get a lot of advantages, including the fact that the mulch decomposes and offers trace nutrients. The mulch replicates the natural forest floor conditions seen in the areas where magnolias are native, resulting in the soil being continuously built up and supplied with a large amount of decomposing organic matter as the trees grow.
Providing that there are no severe nutritional shortages in the garden soil, mulch may be sufficient to maintain the health of a magnolia tree. Produce a mulch cover that is about 3 inches thick and that extends out 3 feet or more beyond the reach of the tree’s limbs. You may sprinkle synthetic fertilizer granules on top of the mulch to ensure that the nutrients are transported down into the soil by rainfall.
According to the University of Tennessee Extension, the optimum period to apply synthetic slow-release fertilizers to magnolia trees is from late autumn (after leaf loss) through early spring (after flowering). When you keep an organic mulch over the root zone of your magnolia trees, you get a lot of advantages, including the fact that the mulch decomposes and offers trace nutrients.