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Japanese Fern Tree Care – In addition to being a pleasing and attractive example, the fern tree’s tiny size makes it an excellent choice for a suburban yard or house landscaping. The tree is most readily identified by its unusual leaf, which is long and thin and protrudes from the stems in a fern-like way, earning it the moniker “fern tree” (fern tree). The moniker “fern” tree is a misnomer since the tree in question is not a fern.
Despite this, the tree’s fern-like leaves are densely packed together, giving the tree a thick and elegant crown that offers adequate shade for the surrounding area. During its lifetime, the tree grows slowly and bulbous, finally blossoming with little, inconspicuous white flowers that are inconspicuous on the tree’s branch tips.
Ideally, the Japanese fern tree should be planted in the early autumn. It is somewhat slow-growing (adding approximately 12 inches each year), and it does not need much maintenance or work on your part. Once established in the proper location, it will gradually grow in size over time, reaching a maximum height of around 25 feet. If you are planting it near any existing buildings, be sure to give it enough space to grow its round crown.
Japanese Fern Tree Care
Fern trees demand a little forethought and care to get started, but once they’re established, they’re a breeze to maintain. However, despite the fact that it is a native of Asia, the tree grows very well in tropical environments due to its high need for direct sunlight and warmth. In fact, it is especially popular in South Florida, where it will thrive in a climate that is similar to that of a tropical environment.
Because of its attractive form and simple growing habit, the Japanese fern tree may be used in a variety of ways in your landscape, such as as a shade tree, a background for flowers, or as a border along a road or driveway. Always keep in mind that a tree’s crown will spread out as it grows older, so plant each tree at least eight to ten feet away from your home or other building (as well as each other).
Furthermore, fern trees are resistant to most pests and diseases, and they do not need pruning until they are completely grown. However, it is a good idea to prune away branches towards the bottom of the tree once it is fully mature. The only significant effort it will require from you is frequent watering and the removal of any leaves it may drop as it grows older. This is a low-maintenance, symmetrical, and aesthetically beautiful small tree that will reward you with its beauty over time.
The Japanese fern tree needs plenty of direct sunshine, so be sure to put it in a location where it will get at least eight hours of direct sunlight every day (or more). If you reside in a very hot or dry region, the plant will thrive in partial shade, especially during the hotter afternoon hours of the day.
Planting your fern tree in well-drained soil will ensure that it grows well. In most cases, a normal potting combination will be sufficient, but you should make certain that the mixture you choose is very alkaline. You should make every effort to avoid growing the tree in an area with arid or very damp soil.
Water your fern tree on a regular basis to get the best results, but avoid completely submerging it. It’s a good idea to wait a few days for the tree’s soil to dry up before watering it for the second time.
Temperature and humidity
The fern tree thrives in warm, tropical climates and is not tolerant of cold temperatures. Make sure it is not exposed to temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit in order for it to grow. It also thrives in humid environments, so if you live in a region that already has above-average humidity levels, your tree will reap the benefits.
Fern trees should be treated with granular fertilizer in the autumn, spring, and summer, depending on their stage of development. Because the tree enters into semi-dormancy throughout the winter, it is not required to feed it during that period. Keep in mind that heavy salts included in certain lower-quality fertilizer mixes may cause harm to the tree’s sensitive roots, so choose a high-quality fertilizer blend you can rely on when feeding your tree.
Propagating Fern trees
It is possible to grow the Japanese fern tree from seed, and spontaneous germination should be successful. In order to do so, spread the seeds in the autumn and allow them to settle before harvesting them in the spring; they should begin to germinate by early spring. Make sure that you do not plant the seeds too deeply, or else they will not germinate correctly.
Additionally, soaking the seeds in water at room temperature for approximately 24 hours before planting might assist in softening the surface of the seeds and enhance the likelihood of germination and sprouting. Another key consideration is to avoid planting the seeds in moist or soggy soil; try amending the soil with composted cow dung to aid in the germination of the seeds.
Common pests and diseases
Even though it is not susceptible to any significant debilitating pests or diseases, the fern tree must fight off several typical problems such as root rot and leaf yellowing. The change in color of your tree’s leaves is most likely due to an iron shortage or too low temperatures. Therefore, try supplementing the soil if you think this would be a problem for your tree.
Additionally, if the tree is planted in poorly draining soil, root rot may occur, which is why it’s so crucial to think about where and how you’re going to plant your fern tree in the first place.