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Jacaranda Mimosifolia Bonsai care – The astonishingly gorgeous, huge bell-shaped purple blooms and lacy fern-like leaves of the Jacaranda mimosifolia make for magnificent bonsai, and the tree creates superb bonsai as well. In addition to being known as the blue jacaranda or the fern tree, Jacaranda mimosifolia is a sub-tropical tree that may be found in gardens all over the globe.
The jacaranda tree is native to south-central South America, although it may thrive almost anywhere as long as there is no threat of frost in the area. Mature trees can withstand short periods of temperatures around 7 degrees Celsius (19 degrees Fahrenheit).
Bonsai care for Jacaranda mimosifolia is not difficult if you supply it with circumstances that are similar to those found in its natural habitat: lots of light, wet soil, and protection from cold.
It is possible to teach an adult blue jacaranda to grow into a stunningly gorgeous bonsai. When fully grown, the tree’s trunk is greyish-brown and scaly, and the branches are thin and naturally develop in a zigzag pattern down the trunk.
A profusion of blossoms grow on this tree in the spring, and its gorgeous, huge purple-blue hanging petals flourish for two months. The majority of jacarandas shed their leaves before the buds bloom. Some jacarandas retain their leaves throughout the winter, while others shed them and go into a state of partial dormancy.
Jacaranda Mimosifolia Bonsai Care & Maintenance
As long as you provide enough sunshine or light shade, mild temperatures, moist soil, and protection from frost, taking care of a Jacaranda mimosifolia bonsai should be straightforward. While blue jacarandas may be maintained inside year-round if they are given enough light, they thrive best when they are left outside from May until the weather turns chilly.
The temperature should never dip below 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit). If your jacaranda bonsai is maintained inside, the leaves will stay rather huge, which is not what you want in a bonsai tree.
A bonsai of the Jacaranda mimosifolia that is kept constantly inside will most likely not blossom. Your tree will lose all of its leaves if it does not get enough light throughout the winter months. Do not be discouraged; they will re-grow in the springtime. You may keep your jacaranda mimosifolia bonsai outside year-round if you live in a warm climate, and it will bloom at any time of the year.
Soil and Water Management
The roots of the Jacaranda mimosifolia like wet soil, but the soil should be well-drained so that the roots do not get bogged down in water. For the greatest results, use commercial bonsai soil, which has coarse clay and sand particles as well as enough organic content.
When watering the Jacaranda mimosifolia, be sure to keep the soil wet but not soggy. This will help to ensure that the plant does not get waterlogged. The tree will endure short periods of drought, although it may lose some of its leaves. If the plant is overwatered, it will also shed its leaves.
Before watering your bonsai, run your fingers into the dirt to loosen it. If the soil is still damp, you should wait a few more days before watering it. Using excellent, well-draining bonsai soil is the most effective strategy to minimize watering issues in the future. When the blue jacaranda’s leaves begin to fall, reduce the amount of water you use.
Light and Temperature
The Jacaranda mimosifolia bonsai prefers bright sunshine in the spring and summer, but may tolerate some moderate shade in the summer. Provided you can give it enough light, you can keep it inside all year. Unfortunately, your bonsai may not blossom if the circumstances are too extreme. The blue jacaranda thrives in light, warm circumstances such as those found in a greenhouse or when left outside in warm weather.
The Jacaranda mimosifolia tree is a sub-tropical tree that prefers temperatures that are continuously warm. The temperature should never dip below 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit). In warm countries, you may leave your bonsai outside all year. However, in countries where the temperature decreases in the autumn, you should bring your bonsai inside and place it in a warm, light position away from the heat source.
Fertilizing and Re-potting
During the growth season, treat your jacaranda mimosifolia bonsai once a week using a balanced fertilizer that has been diluted in half. When the tree’s leaves begin to fall, stop fertilizing it. It’s possible that you’ll want to fertilize it in the early spring before it begins to bloom in order to give it an additional push.
Bonsai trees, like all other types of trees, should be planted in a shallow bonsai pot that is roughly two-thirds of the length of the tree’s height, unless otherwise specified.
The color of the container should complement the color of the jacaranda’s grey-brown trunk or the color of the vibrant purple blooms on the tree’s branches. Be careful not to let the color and attractiveness of the pot overshadow the beauty of the tree!
Give your jacaranda mimosifolia bonsai a fresh start every two years. Because mature trees do not develop at a rapid rate, you should not anticipate the roots completely filling the container. Repotting is a good time to switch out the old soil and cut back the thick old roots.
Fine feeder roots should be left alone, which will nourish the tree. Never trim more than two-thirds of the root ball away from the plant. Keep your blue jacaranda’s roots pruned if you want to keep it tiny and growing happily in a small container, which is essential.
When you cut the roots, you will have more fine roots that will be able to nourish your tree as a result of the trimming process. Re-plating the pot with new bonsai soil and properly watering it after re-potting will help the plant thrive.
Continue to keep the tree in mild shade until it has recovered from what has been a very painful procedure. It is important to attach the trunk of your bonsai tree to the bonsai pot if it is a huge specimen, otherwise the feeder roots will break every time the tree moves.
Wiring and Pruning
Many jacaranda bonsai do not need wiring since their branches develop in an unusual zigzag pattern, which makes for a fascinating display. In order to relocate a branch that has begun to become woody, wire it at the time of its growth.
Remove the wire after three months to avoid the wire biting into the bark and leaving unattractive scars on the tree’s bark. Soft aluminum or copper wire should be used.
Jacaranda trees are quite robust growers, and you will need to prune them on a regular basis in order to maintain the appropriate form of the tree. Trim the new shoots when the tree has four or five pairs of leaves, and leave just one or two leaf pairs on the remaining shoots.
The majority of your pruning should be done in the spring, before the buds open, but you may continue to clip the new growth all year, particularly if you live in a warm climate.
When you see huge leaves, cut them as soon as you can. More branches will develop on your Jacaranda mimosifolia bonsai as a result of your pruning efforts, and the leaves will get smaller as a result, giving the plant the appearance of a mature tree on a tiny scale.
It is an absolute visual treat to see a bonsai tree of the species Jacaranda mimosifolia in full blossom. The tree is totally covered with a profusion of huge bell-shaped blue or purple blooms, which appear in bunches all over the place. From late spring through early summer, you can take in this spectacular show.
If your blue jacaranda is cultivated in a warm area and maintained outdoors, it may bloom at any time of the year. Flowers have a faint fragrance, so place your tree in an area where you will be able to appreciate it most.
If you have enough light in your home, you may keep your jacaranda bonsai inside, although it may not blossom as much. You can bring it inside for a few days during peak bloom to enjoy it, but it should be left outside to get as much light and warmth as possible.
When the petals fade, they are replaced by fruits, which are brown pods containing a seed within. Once the pods have dried out, remove them and collect the seeds. Generally speaking, they sprout quickly and produce healthy seedlings.
Pests and Diseases Issues
Jacaranda mimosifolia is a plant that is relatively pest-resistant. Root rot is by far the most serious issue. You may avoid this by using only free-draining, coarse bonsai soil for your plants. The jacaranda likes damp soil, but it should never be allowed to sit in soggy soil.
Scales are the most common pests that attack the jacaranda mimosifolia, according to the USDA. Neem oil pesticide should be used immediately upon discovery in order to avoid infestation.
Cuttings or seeds of the jacaranda mimosifolia bonsai may be used to reproduce the plant. The journey from seedlings to bonsai will be lengthy and arduous, but it will be rewarding to be a part of the entire process from start to finish.
You may also create a fresh jacaranda bonsai by acquiring a tree from a garden shop that has an attractive trunk and gradually trimming it until it can fit into a container of your choice. This is a far more expedient method of growing a mature-looking bonsai jacaranda tree.
Tools & Equipment
Growing a single bonsai tree may rapidly develop into a recreational activity. As long as you have only one jacaranda mimosifolia bonsai tree, you will be able to manage it using basic garden cutters for pruning branches and roots, and normal pliers for wiring the branches at the beginning of your bonsai journey.
The more you get engaged, particularly if you become a member of a bonsai club, the more specialized equipment you will learn about and want to purchase. It may become a very costly pastime since the majority of bonsai tools are imported from Japan and are thus rather pricey.
In general, bonsai maintenance is not too difficult and just needs the following basic rules: keep it warm; give it just enough water; give it lots of sun and strong light; and keep it away from frost (or freezing temperatures).
You will be rewarded with a profusion of stunning blossoms if you supply your jacaranda with the proper circumstances, which should be as near to those that it would have in its natural sub-tropical habitat as possible.