Propagate dragon fruit – You should consider growing dragon fruit if you want to cultivate something that is completely different and visually stunning. The dragon fruit, also known as pitaya (Hylocereus undatus), is the name of both the cactus and the fruit that it produces. The cactus carries the same name as the fruit it produces.
Pitaya plant propagation may be found across the tropical and subtropical areas of China, Israel, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, and Nicaragua, despite the fact that it is native to Central America. Want to try your hand at cultivating a new dragon fruit tree for yourself? Continue reading to learn more about how to propagate dragon fruit or pitaya plants.
Information about the Dragon Fruit Plants
Known in English as “dragon fruit,” pitaya is a reflection of its Chinese name, which literally translates as “fire dragon fruit.” Pitaya is one of the most popular fruits in the world. It is also known by a variety of other names, including pitahaya, night-blooming cereus, and strawberry pear, among others.
Dragon fruit is a perennial epiphytic climbing cactus with fleshy, jointed green stems that are formed of three horny scalloped wings. Dragon fruit is also known as prickly pear or prickly pear cactus. Each wing includes one to three small spines, which vary in length according to the type.
Both the fruit and the blooms are edible, though only the fruit is usually eaten whole.According to its scientific name, pitaya is a night-blooming cereus, meaning that it blooms only at night, opening in the evening and lasting until mid-morning the next day—just long enough to be pollinated by nocturnal moths.
Flowering time is from June to September. Blossoms are extremely perfumed, bell-shaped, and yellowish-green in color, and they are around a foot long and 9 inches wide (30 cm long by 23 cm wide). The fruit that results from this process is harvested in the summer.
How to Propagate Dragon Fruit: Steps to Take
In order to successfully establish a new dragon fruit plant, it is necessary to understand some of its requirements. It is necessary to provide some kind of support for the dragon fruit as it grows in order for it to fruit.
Despite the fact that pitaya is a tropical to subtropical plant that requires heat and sunlight, it is preferable to place the young plant in a dry location with partial sunlight.
Pitaya is not a fan of cold weather and can only withstand brief bursts of freezing temperatures and frost for a limited period of time. Do not be concerned if you live in a colder region or in an apartment with no access to a garden; pitaya plant multiplication is still viable in these circumstances.
Dragon fruit plants are well-suited to container growth, and one of the advantages of propagating dragon fruit in a pot is the flexibility to relocate the plant and keep it inside throughout the winter.
How to Grow a Pitaya Plant from Seed
Dragon fruit may be propagated from seed or stem cuttings, depending on the variety. Propagation from seed is less dependable and will require patience, as the duration from seed to fruit production may take up to 7 years, depending on the kind of tomato. When it comes to propagation, stem cuttings are by far the most prevalent method of choice.
To propagate dragon fruit’s stem cuttings, start with a 6- to 15-inch (12–38-cm) stem section and work your way up. Make a slanted incision at the base of the stem and spray it with a fungicide to kill the bacteria. Allow the treated stem segment to dry for 7-8 days in a dry, shady environment. Do not reuse the treated stem segment.
After that, soak the cutting in a root hormone for a few minutes before planting it straight in the garden or in a container filled with well-draining soil. Cuttings will grow quickly and may bear fruit within 6–9 months after being propagated.
If you’d rather try your luck with seed propagation, split a dragon fruit in half and scoop out the seeds with a spoon. Remove the pulp from the seeds in a basin of water by pressing them together. Overnight, place the seeds on a damp paper towel and let them dry.
Fill a tray halfway with a well-draining seed starting mix the next day. Fill in any gaps between the seeds with a small sprinkling of medium, just enough to keep them from sinking too far. Spray with a spray bottle and wrap in plastic wrap to keep the moisture in. Keep the soil wet at all times. Germination should take between 15 and 30 days.
Remove the plastic wrap from the seeds after they have germinated and transfer them into bigger pots to continue the growth.