How to Grow Arugula – Growing arugula from seed is simple, whether in your yard or in a container on your balcony, and the seeds are inexpensive. Arugula (Eruca sativa) is the common name for a group of leafy salad greens with spicy, pungent leaves. Arugula is a member of the mustard family. Salad greens are an annual crop that performs best in colder temperatures, like most salad greens. This plant is low-growing, with dull green leaves that may be blanched nearly to white if covered while still developing.
Arugula is an easy plant to learn how to cultivate since it doesn’t take up much space and can be grown in nearly any container. Arugula is a cool-season green that grows quickly and is renowned for its spicy taste. Toss the delicate greens into salads or put them on top of pizza for a delectable treat! Continue reading to find out when to plant arugula in Arizona’s low desert and when to harvest it. At the conclusion of the article, you will get a bonus tip on how to produce arugula in pots.
Arugula Growing Guidelines: 5 Tips of How to Grow Arugula
1. Plant arugula at the appropriate time of year.
When it comes to growing conditions, arugula likes colder temps. Arugula bolts and becomes bitter when exposed to high temperatures over an extended period of time. Although arugula does not enjoy the heat, it can withstand a little amount of cold.
In most climates, arugula should be planted after the final spring frost date. It is best to plant in soil that is 45°F to 65°F in temperature. Temperatures between 45°F and 55°F are ideal for growing arugula.
Plant arugula seeds in the low desert of Arizona starting in October and continuing until early February.
During the growth season, succession plant arugula every 2-3 weeks to ensure a continuous harvest of the leaves and stems.
2. Plant arugula in the proper location.
- Arugula is a fast-growing plant that performs best when started from seed. It is common for arugula produced from transplants to bolt more rapidly than it does when grown from seed.
- Arugula seeds should be planted 1/4 inch deep and 1-2 inches apart. Maintain the soil’s moisture until the seeds sprout.
- Thin little seedlings (when they are several inches tall) to 2 to 3 inches apart after they have reached their full height. Seedlings should be spaced 6 inches apart for bigger plants. The arugula thinning are delicate and delectably flavorful.
- During the cooler months, arugula may be planted in full sunlight. Also, it can withstand a little shade (4-6 hours of direct sun).
- Begun as arugula companion plants, carrots, cucumbers, and onions have been shown to be successful.
3. Experiment with various arugula types.
Some popular varieties of Arugula:
- Astro Arugula has a mild taste and is somewhat heat resistant, making it an excellent choice for salads.
- The most often seen type of arugula is Italian arugula (also known as Rocket or Roquette).
- It’s called Wasabi Arugula because it tastes like wasabi and is grown wild in the United States.
- Heirloom Rustic arugula is a more strongly flavored kind of arugula that grows slowly (and therefore is less likely to bolt).
4. Don’t let the arugula get too dry.
It is necessary to water the arugula often due to its shallow root structure. Arugula becomes bitter and/or bolts when it is exposed to prolonged dry weather.
Watering should be done with care to prevent getting water on the leaves, which may cause disease issues. If at all possible, drink water first thing in the morning.
5. What is the best way to cultivate arugula? Arugula should be harvested on a regular basis.
- Young arugula leaves have a faint, spicy taste that becomes more prominent as the leaves increase in size and maturity.
- Remove the outer leaves of the arugula and set them aside. Picking leaves on a regular basis promotes development.
- Arugula leaves are ready to harvest 35 to 50 days after they are planted from seed, depending on the variety.
- When the arugula leaves are 4 to 6 inches long, it is time to start harvesting.
- The blooms of bolting arugula are delicious and provide a unique peppery taste to meals when used in cooking.
- Arugula blooms turn into seed pods as they mature. If you don’t want arugula to reseed in your garden, cut down the blooms of the plant before they develop into seeds.
Additional TIPS for Growing Arugula
- Growing arugula in pots is an added bonus.
- It is an excellent option for container gardening because of the thin root structure of the arugula.
- An automatic watering container ensures that lettuce has quick access to the water it needs.
- Arugula in containers should not be allowed to dry out.
- Make use of high-quality potting soil.
- Select a shaded location for your container-grown arugula when the weather is hot.
- Planting arugula in pots also reduces the likelihood of encountering bugs.