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Apple Tree Pollination – When producing apples, cross-pollination between apple trees is essential for obtaining a high level of fruit set. When it comes to apple tree pollination, although certain fruiting trees are self-fruitful or self-pollinating, cross-pollinating apple cultivars are required to promote cross-pollination of apple trees.
Cross pollination of apple trees must take place during the blooming period, during which the pollen is moved from the male to the female parts of the flowering structure. In the apple tree world, cross pollination refers to the transfer of pollen from one cross variety of apple tree to another cross variety of apple tree.
What Is the Process of Cross-Pollination Between Apple Trees?
Honeybees are the most important pollinators of apple trees, and they are responsible for the majority of cross-pollination. Cold weather, rain, or wind may keep honeybees inside the hive, resulting in poor apple tree pollination. Honeybees do their best work at temperatures of about 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 degrees Celsius), and cold weather, rain, or wind can keep them inside the hive. Because pesticides are also harmful to honeybees and should not be applied during the critical blooming period, pesticides also have a negative impact on cross-pollination of apple trees, as previously stated.
According to the USDA, honeybees, despite their incredible ability to fly, prefer to remain within a narrower radius of the hive when cross-pollination between apple trees is taking place. As a result, developing apple trees that are more than 100 feet (30 meters) away from each other may not get the apple tree pollination that they need.
Several Apple Varieties for Cross Pollination
It is necessary to grow different kinds of apples in order to guarantee that fruiting happens on apple trees in order for pollination to occur. If you don’t, you could find yourself with no apples at all.
Flowering crab-apples are excellent pollinators since they are simple to care for, bloom for a long period of time, and are available in a wide variety of kinds. Alternatively, while cultivating apples, one may pick cross-varieties of apples that are symbiotic with the apple.
If you are producing apples that are poor pollinators, you will need to choose a variety that is an excellent pollinator to complement your crop. The following are some instances of poor pollinators:
Crab-apples such as the ones listed below should be used with these weak pollinators to increase cross-pollination between apple plants.
All apple tree kinds, including those that are marketed as self-fruitful, need some degree of cross pollination in order to produce a viable crop of fruit. Winter Banana (spur type) and Golden Delicious (spur type) are two excellent examples of apple pollination cross types that are available for sale.
In general, closely related cultivars like as McIntosh, Early McIntosh, Cortland, and Macoun are unable to cross pollinate successfully with one another, while spur kinds are unable to pollinate the parent plant. For pollination to be successful, the bloom seasons of cross-bred apple types must coincide.
Alternative Methods of Apple Tree Pollination
Another way of promoting apple tree pollination is grafting, which involves grafting a strong pollinator onto the top of a less pollinating variety to increase pollination. In commercial orchards, this is a frequent technique that is followed. It is planned to graft an excellent apple pollinator onto the top of every third tree in every third row on every third row.
The branches of the lower pollinating growing apples may also be used to hang bouquets of high pollinators with fresh, open blossoms in a basin of water.
Cross-pollination between Apple Trees is a Natural Process
In order to ensure that excellent cross-kinds of apple pollinators are introduced to weak pollinators, the most important aspect of cross-pollination must be investigated further. In order to guarantee that good pollination is performed, the honeybee should be encouraged as one of nature’s most hardworking and vital species.
In commercial orchards, a minimum of one hive is required for every acre of apple trees that are actively developing. Wild honeybees are normally sufficient to pollinate the flowers in a home garden, but being an apiarian is a pleasant and engaging pastime that would actively aid in pollination, not to mention the additional pleasure of producing some tasty honey as a result of your efforts.