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Growing Mango Trees – Its luscious, ripe mango fruit has a rich, tropical fragrance and taste that immediately transports you to sunny climes and sultry breezes throughout the world. Home gardeners may replicate the flavor of a warmer-zone garden in their own backyard. However, how does one go about cultivating a mango tree?
Mango tree planting is appropriate in climates where temperatures do not often fall below 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4 C.). If you’re fortunate enough to reside in a tropical or sub-tropical environment, follow these guidelines for mango tree maintenance and you’ll be enjoying the rewards of your labors in a matter of months or even weeks.
What is the best way for Growing Mango Trees?
Plants like mango trees (Mangifera indica) have extensive root systems and are capable of growing to be huge examples in the landscape. They are evergreen and are often derived from rootstocks that enhance the hardiness of the plants they are grafted onto. Mango trees commence fruit production in three years and produce fruit in a short period of time.
Select a variety that is most appropriate for your climate zone. The plant can survive in nearly any soil, although it prefers well-drained soil in a location that is protected from the elements. For the greatest fruit output, place your tree in a location where it will get full sun.
When new mango trees are planted, they are usually done in the late winter or early spring when the plant is not actively developing.
Planting of Mango Trees
Dig a hole twice as broad and deep as the root ball to serve as a foundation for the installation. Fill the hole with water and observe how quickly it drains to see whether the drainage is working properly. Even while mango trees can withstand brief periods of flooding, it is in areas where soils percolate effectively that the healthiest plants are generated. Plant the young tree such that the graft scar is just above the surface of the soil.
The young plant does not need pruning, but keep an eye out for suckers that have sprouted from the graft and remove them. Watering is essential for the establishment of a young mango tree, and it should be done often.
Growing Mango Trees from seed
Mango trees are quite easy to cultivate from seed. Remove the pit from a fresh mango and slice the hard husk. Remove the seed from the inside and put it in a big pot filled with seed starting mix. When developing mango trees, the ideal location is one where the seed has a 14-inch (0.6 cm) protrusion over the surface of the earth.
Keep the soil uniformly wet and the pot in a location where temperatures stay at least 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 C.). Sprouting may begin as early as eight to fourteen days after planting, although it might take as long as three weeks.
Always remember that your new mango tree seedling will not bear fruit for at least six years after it is planted.
Mango Trees Care & Treatment
The maintenance of a mango tree is identical to that of any other fruit tree. Water the trees well to ensure that the lengthy taproot is adequately saturated. Prior to watering again, let the soil’s surface dry to a depth of several inches before applying another layer of water. Irrigation should be stopped for two months before the blooming begins and then restarted as the fruits begin to appear.
Nutrient fertilizer should be applied to the tree three times each year for best results. Feedings should be spaced out and should be 1 pound (.45 kg) per year of tree development.
When the tree is four years old, prune it to eliminate any weak stems and to create a strong framework of branches to support the tree’s weight. In the following years, only damaged or unhealthy plant material should be pruned away.
Keeping an eye out for pests and illnesses is an important part of caring for mango plants. Organic insecticides, cultural and biological controls, and horticultural oils may be used to combat these problems as they arise.
Growing mango trees in your yard will provide you with a lifelong supply of fresh, spicy fruit from a beautiful shade tree that will last for generations.
Mangoes have been grown in India for more than 4,000 years, and they first arrived in the Americas in the 18th century, according to historical records. Today, they are easily accessible at a variety of grocery stores, but you’re in even better shape if you happen to have your own tree in your backyard.
Despite the fact that mangoes are delicious, the trees are vulnerable to a variety of mango tree illnesses. In order to properly treat a sick mango, it is necessary to accurately recognize mango illness symptoms. Continue reading to learn more about mango illnesses and how to treat mango diseases effectively.
Mango Tree Diseases
Mango trees are tropical and sub-tropical trees that grow in warm climates and flourish in tropical and sub-tropical areas. The mango tree, which is native to India and Southeast Asia, is especially vulnerable to two diseases that affect the fruit: anthracnose and powdery mildew. In both cases, developing panicles, flowers, and fruit are attacked by a fungal infection.
Anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides), the most severe of the two diseases, is the one that affects mangoes the most. Fruit rot is a consequence of anthracnose, a mango disease characterized by the development of black, sunken, irregularly shaped lesions on the leaves and blossoms that progress to leaf spotting, fruit staining, and ultimate rot. Rainy weather and heavy dews are conducive to the spread of the illness.
Powdery mildew is another kind of fungus that affects the leaves, flowers, and early fruit of trees and shrubs. Infected regions are coated with a white powdery mold that seems to be growing. As the leaves develop, lesions along the midribs or undersides of the foliage turn dark brown and oily in appearance, indicating that they are infected. In extreme instances, the infection will kill blooming panicles, resulting in a lack of fruit set as well as defoliation of the tree’s leaves and branches.
Elsinoe mangiferae, often known as mango scab, is another fungal disease that affects mangoes and affects its leaves, flowers, fruit, and twigs. The initial indications of infection are similar to the symptoms of anthracnose in their appearance. Fruit lesions will be covered with a corky, brown tissue, and the leaves will become twisted as a result of this.
A fungal disease known as verticillium wilt affects the roots and vascular system of a tree, preventing it from taking in water. The leaves begin to wilt, brown, and desiccate, the stems and limbs die back, and the vascular tissues begin to discolor and discoloration. The disease is particularly destructive to young trees, and it has the potential to destroy them.
Another illness that affects mango plants on a more infrequent basis is parasitic algal spot. In this particular instance, mango disease symptoms appear as round greenish/grey patches on the leaves that eventually become rust red. Infection of the stems may result in bark cankers, thickening of the stems, and mortality.
How to Deal with Problems Caused by Mango Disease
A fungicide is used to treat a sick mango plant that has contracted a fungal disease. Before infection develops, the fungicide should be applied liberally to all vulnerable areas of the tree’s trunk and branches. If the fungicide is administered after the tree has already been infected, it will have no impact. Fungicide sprays must be sprayed on new growth to be effective.
During the early spring and again 10 to 21 days later, fungicide should be used to protect the panicles of flowers during their development and fruit set.
If powdery mildew is present, sulfur should be applied to the affected area to prevent the infection from spreading to new growth.
If the tree gets infested with verticillium wilt, cut off any branches that have been affected with the disease. Mango scab is often not treated since an anthracnose spray program also controls the scab on the fruit. When copper fungicides are sprayed on a regular basis during the summer, algae spot is not typically a problem.
Grow only anthracnose resistant cultivars of mango in order to minimize the danger of fungal infections in the field. Maintain a regular and timely schedule for fungal treatment, and ensure that all vulnerable areas of the tree are completely covered with fungicide. In order to get help with illness treatment, you should contact your local extension office for suggested disease control suggestions.