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Growing banana from seeds – Bananas that are developed for commercial purposes and that are cultivated exclusively for consumption do not contain seeds. Throughout history, they have been transformed to contain three sets of genes instead of two (triploid), and they now do not produce seeds.
On the other hand, in nature, one comes across numerous banana varieties that include seeds; some of the seeds are so huge that it is impossible to get to the pulp of some of the varieties. Having said that, is it possible to grow bananas from seed? Continue reading to learn more about how to produce banana trees from seeds.
Is it possible to grow bananas from seed?
As previously stated, the banana you are eating for breakfast has been genetically modified to be devoid of seeds, and it is most likely a Cavendish variety of banana. There are a variety of additional banana cultivars available, some of which do contain seeds.
Cavendish bananas are reproduced via pups or suckers, which are portions of the rhizome that develop into tiny banana plants that may be separated from the parent plant and planted as a separate plant. Cavendish bananas are native to Southeast Asia. Bananas are propagated in the wild by the use of seeds. Bananas from seed may be produced by anybody, even you.
Planting Banana Seeds for Propagation
If you wish to grow banana plants from seed, you should be aware that the fruit you produce will not be the same as the bananas you purchase at the grocery store. They will contain seeds, and depending on the type, they may be so enormous that it is difficult to get at the fruit inside of them. Having said that, from what I’ve read, many individuals believe that the taste of wild bananas is preferable to the flavor of bananas purchased at a grocery store.
To start the process of germinating banana seeds, immerse the seeds in warm water for 24 to 48 hours to break the dormancy of the seeds. This weakens the seed coat, allowing the embryo to sprout more readily and quickly as a result of the softening.
Prepare an outdoor bed in a sunny location, or use a seed tray or other container and fill it with potting soil mixed with lots of organic compost in a ratio of 60 percent sand or airy loam to 40 percent organic matter, or a combination of the two methods. Sow the banana seeds 1/4 inch (6 mm) deep and cover them with compost once they have germinated. If you are planting banana trees from seeds, be sure to water them until the soil is wet but not soaked, and keep the soil damp at all times.
Even hardy banana seeds should be germinated at a temperature of at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit during germination (15 C.). Different types, on the other hand, react in a variety of ways to temperature fluctuations. Some people do well with temperatures that are chilly for 19 hours and warm for five hours. One of the most straightforward methods of monitoring temperature swings may be to use a heated propagator that is turned on during the day and off at night.
Again, the length of time it takes for a banana seed to germinate is dependent on the variety. You must be patient while growing banana from seed, since some may germinate in two to three weeks while others may take two to three months or more.
How to Start Growing Banana from Seeds
1. Soak the seed in water for 24–48 hours before using.
Because natural seeds can only germinate when water reaches the inside embryo of the seed, soaking the banana seed is a critical stage in the process. Banana seeds have a tough outer shell, but they are porous and prone to leakage. Water penetrates the shell of the seed slowly after it has been soaked, allowing the internal sexual organs of the seed to absorb water and initiate the germination process.
2. Plant each seed in a 1 inch deep hole in permeable soil.
Drainage may be achieved by using a permeable soil. In any other case, the seed will be susceptible to decay. For the best results, we suggest that you experiment with potting soil.
3. Keep the soil temperature between 60 and 68 degrees Fahrenheit.
The non-dormant state of banana seeds in the wild may last for many years, waiting for appropriate soil temperatures to signal that it is time for germination to occur. Although it is not yet known how seeds detect temperature changes, it is known that fluctuations in soil temperature are required for proper germination.
Use a heating pad or a heat lamp to raise the temperature of the soil for a few hours each day for many weeks. Allow the soil to cool to at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
4. Preserve Soil Moisture
Maintain moisture in the soil to encourage germination. If you are planting in a seed tray or pot, be sure to cover it with plastic wrap to keep the atmosphere moist.
5. Be patient with yourself.
Banana seeds germinate in three to six months, depending on the variety.Consequently, while you wait, be patient and regularly check the moisture level and temperature of the soil.
Even if you offer ideal germination conditions, it is possible that your banana seed may remain dormant. The results of a scientific investigation revealed that just 68–75 percent of newly gathered wild seeds grew when the proper circumstances were met.