Growing Almond Trees – How to Plant and Care for an Almond Tree

Growing Almond Trees – Almonds, which have been cultivated since at least 4,000 B.C., are indigenous to south and southwest Asia and it was first brought to California in the 1840s. Almonds (Prunus dolcis) are highly valued for their usage in confections, baked goods, and other baked products, as well as for the oil extracted from the nut itself.

These stone fruits, which are produced by growing almond trees, are also believed to be beneficial in the treatment of a variety of bodily ailments, and they are employed in folk medicines for anything from cancer therapy to corn removal to ulcer treatment. What do you think about incorporating them into your home’s landscaping, given how popular they are?

Growing Almond Trees: Tips for Beginner

Steps for Growing Almond Trees from seeds

In order to successfully growing almond trees, it is important to understand that the trees do not tolerate excessively moist soil and are very sensitive to spring frost. They flourish in warm, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, as long as they get full sun exposure. If your location does not fit within these criteria, it is doubtful that an almond tree will produce fruit for you.

There are also relatively few kinds of almond tree that produce fruit on their own and thus need the planting of at least two trees in order to ensure fruit production. If room is at a premium, you may even plant two trees in the same hole, where the trees will grow together and tangle, enabling the blooms to pollinate each other more effectively.

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Growing Almond Fruit Trees

Almond trees have strong roots and should be planted in sandy loam that is deep, rich, and well-draining to ensure a healthy harvest. Despite the fact that almond trees are drought resistant, they should be planted 19 to 26 feet (6-8 m.) apart and watered once they have established. Growing plants will benefit from the administration of nitrogen and organic fertilizer. The nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) needs of these trees are very high.

To plant the almond tree, start by digging a hole that is larger than its deep. It is important to ensure the roots can easily fit in to thickness of the hole, and then watering it properly. If you reside in a windy location, you may need to stake the little tree; however, you should remove the stakes after a year or two to enable the tree to develop properly on its own.

Intensive Care for Almond Trees

Growing Almond Trees in Your GardenThe maintenance of an almond tree varies depending on the season. Winter pruning of growing almond trees (December/January) is necessary to stimulate development, allow for light penetration, and remove any dead or diseased branches or suckers that may have formed during the growing season. Remove any trash from the area surrounding the tree to prevent overwintering navel orange-worms, then spray with dormant oil to kill peach twig borer, San Jose scale, and mite eggs in the spring and early summer.

During the spring bloom season, maintenance of almond trees should involve fertilization of older plants with urea or manure that has been watered in, as well as the application of modest doses of nitrogen to immature trees. The use of drip irrigation should be started daily for freshly planted trees, with the trees requiring at least 2 to 3 inches (5-8 cm) of water each day.

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In the absence of rain, established trees may survive on 2 to 3 inches (5-8 cm) of weekly irrigation, but they may need extra watering during periods of drought or extreme heat. In addition, if the tree is placed in shallow or sandy soil, it will need more water to survive and thrive. Maintain the same rate of irrigation and fertilization throughout the summer until harvest, and then reduce the rate to half.

How to Grow Almond Trees

Harvesting the Fruit of the Almond Tree

After the hulls of almond tree fruit have split and the shell has turned dry and brown in color, it is time to harvest the fruit. Almonds need 180 to 240 days to develop to the point when the nut (embryo and shell) has dried to a minimal moisture content, depending on the variety.

Shake the tree to release the almonds, then remove the shells from the nut to collect it. Once any remaining worms have been killed, freeze your almond nuts for one to two weeks before storing them in plastic bags.

Finally, while caring for almond trees, spray the trees during or immediately after the leaves fall in the autumn, just before the winter rains arrive. In the spring, this will help to minimize the damage caused by shot hole fungus [9].

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