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Coffee Plant Houseplant – Beautiful and simple to cultivate, the coffee plant (Coffea) that gives you your daily cup of coffee also doubles as a lovely houseplant. This low-maintenance tropical evergreen has glossy, deep-green leaves and an upright growth habit that provide a breezy vacation feel to any room.
After approximately five years, under the proper circumstances, coffee plants cultivated inside will begin to produce tiny, fragrant white blossoms. Hand pollination is required to generate the brilliant red berries that yield two excellent coffee beans from each berry. You can produce a few of your own coffee beans, but your best chance is to enjoy your plant for its lush foliage, air-cleaning properties, and simplicity of maintenance. Coffee plants are poisonous to pets, so keep them away from your four-legged family members. Coffee plants are poisonous to dogs.
Growing Coffee Plant Houseplant
Keep your coffee plant moist but not squishy by not over-watering it.To avoid water-logging, use a well-draining, somewhat acidic soil mix. To get into a watering regimen, check the soil at least once a week. During the winter, your plant’s water requirements will be lower than they are during the growth season.
During the spring and summer, give your coffee plant a half-strength dose of houseplant fertilizer every two months. When the leaves start to fall, it’s time to take a break from feeding until the next spring. If you want to fertilize your coffee plants on a regular basis, make sure you have enough room to accommodate their development. Mature coffee plants may grow up to 11 feet tall, so plan accordingly.
Ideal Growing Conditions for Coffee Plants
A warm, humid rain-forest is where coffee plants thrive naturally, and that’s where they do their best houseplant-style growth. The optimum temperature for your coffee plant is at least 65 degrees Fahrenheit; below-freezing temperatures may kill it, so maintain it in a warm, dry location away from drafts.
Fill a shallow dish with stones, then pour water just below the surface of the pebbles to increase the humidity surrounding the plant. Put your potted plant on top of the tray, being careful not to let the water’s surface contact the bottom of the pot. Because of the evaporation of the water in the tray, your plant will be surrounded by moist air. This species is particularly excellent for growing in the bathroom because of its low water requirements.
Plants that thrive in humid conditions should be clustered together. Each plant contributes moisture to the air, which raises the overall humidity.
Locate your plant in an area that receives bright, indirect light, or dappled light from a window or skylight. Brown patches on the foliage are an indication that your plant is receiving too much sunshine, and this may be detrimental to your coffee plant. The opposite is true: crispy brown edges indicate the food has been under-cooked and/or over-hydrated. If a coffee plant is submerged, it will look lanky or slender.
Coffee Plant Houseplant Types
About 120 different species and cultivars of coffee plants are included in the genus Coffea. Only three of them are common houseplants: Coffea arabica, Coffea eugenioides, and Coffea canephora.
Coffea arabica is the name of the plant from which arabica coffee is derived. Coffee was initially grown in Ethiopia and South Sudan, but when the globe sampled its delectable beans, people began cultivating the coffee plant in other nations as well. East African-bred Coffea eugenioides has a lower caffeine concentration than other varieties because of this. Finally, robusta coffee is made from Coffea canephora, a plant native to Central and South America. The productivity and caffeine content of its red (and occasionally green) beans are greater than those of most other species.
How to Grow Coffee Plant Houseplant from Seeds
Despite what you may think, you can’t grow a coffee plant from a roasted or green coffee bean. Stem cuttings are the most straightforward method of starting a new coffee plant. Here’s how to get your plants to grow like crazy:
- Start with a healthy, mature coffee plant and gardening shears or pruners. Then get a tiny pot, new soil and powdered rooting hormone. Finish with a pencil or chopstick.
- Soak the soil in a small pot and set it out in the sun for a few hours. a few inches of a hole in the surface with a pencil or chopstick.
- On the mother plant, choose a straight, healthy stem that is about half an inch broad. At least two leaves should be present on the cutting, which should be approximately six inches long. Make a diagonal incision across the stem to remove it.
- Remove the leaves from the bottom third of the cut. Plant the cutting in the hole after dipping the cut end in rooting hormone. Apply little pressure to the dirt to ensure that it maintains a straight stance.
- To keep moisture out, place a plastic bag over the incision.Keep the plastic bag away from the plant leaves by sticking a pencil or chopstick into the soil. The best place to do the cutting is in a warm, indirect area with plenty of light.
- Supplying plenty of moisture to the soil around the shaved area. If you see any new leaves on the plant, this indicates that it has rooted (this may take two to three months). Plants may be re-potted into a little bigger container after new growth appears, then maintained as normal.
Common Coffee Plant Houseplant Issues
Coffee plants are simple to care for, although they are vulnerable to pests and improper water or sunshine needs, like other houseplants. Coffee plants. Identifying and treating your plant may be as simple as following these steps:
Leaves that are either yellow or brown in color
Your own negligence is most likely to be the root of your coffee plant problems. Roots may be drowned, resulting in leaf drop and/or yellow/browning. Reduce watering and remove diseased or damaged leaves.
Wilted and withered leaves
If your plant gets too much light, it will burn and its leaves will wilt. Plant it in a more shady location.
Low or drooped stems
Drooping or long, thin stems are signs that your plant needs water. As soon as it begins to seem healthy, increase the amount of water you give it.
Infestations of mealybugs and other tiny mites on coffee plants are quite frequent. If you detect an infestation, use water to thoroughly clean the whole plant before applying neem oil as needed.
Coffee Plant Care: Potting and Re-potting
Every spring, you should re-pot your plant into a bigger container. In order to avoid root rot, choose a container with holes for drainage and fresh, well-draining soil, such as a 50/50 mixture of peat moss and per-lite for your plants.
Use a smaller container to limit the development of your coffee plant, or prune the plant’s leaves and roots during this time of year to help limit its size. During the growth season, prune the branches to encourage your plant to produce larger, bushier leaves.
Methods for Growing Coffee Plants that Thrive
After three or four years of growth, a mature coffee plant will begin to blossom. If you don’t pollinate your indoor plants, they won’t produce beans (commonly known as “coffee cherries”), but your plant is likely to produce white blooms. Make sure the plant is kept in a warm, humid environment (75 degrees or above). In the spring, if your plant hasn’t flowered after six years, re-pot it with good soil and bring it outside to a filtered light location. This will help your plant blossom.