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Black Eyed Susan Seeds – Drought and heat resistant, the black-eyed Susan flower is an excellent addition to many settings. Throughout the summer, black-eyed Susans provide vibrant color and velvety leaves with minimal effort on the part of the grower.
A common wildflower in gardens, black eyed Susans (Rudbeckia hirta) originate from North America. Their golden-yellow brilliance frequently surprises people who see them in wide areas.
The term “black eye” comes from the dark brown-purple centers of the daisy-like flower heads of the aster family, Asteraceae. Over 3 feet tall, the plants have leaves up to 6 inches long, stalks up to 8 inches long, and blooms up to 2 to 3 inches across.
The nectar from the blooms attracts a wide range of insects, including butterflies and bees. Pollination occurs as a result of bees drinking nectar and spreading pollen from plant to plant. This results in plants producing fruit and seeds that float about in the wind.
From June through October, these flowers are in full bloom. It’s important to keep in mind that they’re aggressive and will crush nearby blooms if they feel threatened. In addition to being great cut flowers, black-eyed Susans also look great in borders and pots.
Growing Black-Eyed Susan Seeds
When the soil temperature reaches 70°F, plant black-eyed Susans for the optimum seed germination. The planting season lasts from March through May in many areas of North America. From June through September, the flower will bloom. It may take anything from 7 to 30 days for seeds to germinate. Here are what you need to do:
- In wet but well-drained soil, sow seeds.
- These tough-as-nails flowers bloom like the sunlight. They grow best in direct sunlight, but may also tolerate little shade.
- Sow seeds one at a time in an area with a loosely-covered topsoil.
- Even though they can withstand harsh circumstances, it’s better if the soil is rich (and not poor).
- Although they may grow higher, Black-eyed Susans typically reach a height of 1 to 3 feet and a spread of 12 to 18 inches, so sow seeds closer together to limit the amount of spreading or space them apart to create a lovely border.
The Care of Black-Eyed Susan Plants
When the blossoms of black eyed Susans illuminate the garden, natural area, or meadow, cultivating them is easy and enjoyable. The daisy black-eyed Susan is also known as the Gloriosa daisy or the brown-eyed Susan.
Drought-resistant, self-seeding, and adaptable, black-eyed Susans thrive in a wide range of soil types. A neutral pH soil and full sun to moderate shade are ideal for growing black eyed Susans.
Deadheading wasted flowers is a common part of Black Eyed Susan maintenance. Deadheading promotes additional blooms as well as a stronger, more compact plant by removing spent flowers from the plant. The seeds in the blossoms of the black eyed Susan flower may delay or halt the proliferation of the weed.
Drying seeds on the stem is an option, but it is also possible to collect and dry them for replanting. This flower’s seeds don’t always produce plants as tall as the parent plant from which they were taken.
Pollinators like butterflies and bees flock to the garden while black eyed Susans are blooming. Black eyed Susan plants may attract deer, rabbits, and other animals, which will eat or utilize the shelter provided by the plants.
The black eyed Susan flower should be placed near wildlife-repellent plants like lavender, rosemary, or thyme in the yard. Consider using cut flowers, which can survive for up to a week inside.
Flower Varieties of Black-Eyed Susans
Annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial. Black eyed Susans are all acceptable forms of this plant. Rudbeckia’s heights range from 7 cm to several feet (1.5 m.). There are dwarf varieties to choose from. Even in the most challenging landscapes, the yellow-petaled flowers with brown centers that appear in late spring and persist through the summer will provide color and interest to any setting.
- Make it a habit to check on your plants to see if they need any water. Keep an eye on them to make certain they don’t become too dry.
- Perennials should be divided every three to four years to keep them healthy and to limit their spread.
- Removing faded/dead flowers can help keep your garden in bloom for longer.
With a little care, black-eyed Susans will bloom again later in the season with a more modest size due to a pruning procedure.